Sweden is situated in north of Europe and has an extremely cold weather and consist of 4 regions. There also are mountains covered with forests.

Sweden is a country that its architecture was traditional since before the world war ǁ which faced different deconstruction which requires a constructing system. Industrial construction appeared which brought the notion of prefabricated construction that is the practice of assembling a variety of components of a structure at a manufacturing site and transporting those sub-assemblies to the location of the construction. During this period, wood emerged as one of the most important industrial materials. As the result of the diversity of forests, wood became an international material. Wood due to its light weight, as well as its compatibility with the environment, and its combination with concrete became widespread as a material used in industrial architecture in Sweden.

Key words: Industrialization, architecture, construction, Sweden


Industrialization of building construction has different advantages, including high manufacturing speed, the ability of precise control and high safety, minimal usage of building materials and working force. On the other hand, the industry has disadvantages such as the need of a great fund and initial cost, expert human force, poorly structured connections, and transportation problems from the factory to the construction jobsite.

Industrialization in Malaysia has been started by the government since 1960 and it was pursued severely with the formation of the construction industry development board (CIDB) in 1998. The first plan of industrialization of building construction was drafted during 2003 and 2011 and the second one during 2011 till 2015 which demonstrated the Malaysian government’s serious determination in the way of industrialization. Currently, most Malaysian buildings are structured with industrial method indicating the acceptability of industrialization of building construction among Malaysian people.

At first, this article overviews Malaysia, its economy, and housing; then, tries to define the notion of industrialization of building construction and to investigate industrialization of building construction in Malaysia, and finally, covers the approaches, the disadvantages, the axes, and the strategic methods of industrialization of building construction in Malaysia. The research method of this paper is library base and based on the collection of data and information and their analysis.

Key words: Industrialization of building construction, Malaysia, prefabricated construction

Neighborbood Quality of Envirnment Base on Sustainable Development

Through the introduction of the neighborhood as the urban life cell, the realization of sustainable development was pursued only in the form of neighborhood development and in the neighborhood scale. The sustainable neighborhood development approach involves economic, social, physical and environmental quality leading the residents of the neighborhood to the production and reconstruction of purposeful life to realize the dimensions of sustainability. The sustainable development of the smallest part of the city is subject to the exploitation and the use of natural, human and ecological resources so that all the residents of the present and the future have an appropriate level of health, security and social cohesion and experience a favorable environment and a dynamic economic. Accordingly, the present research is an attempt to address the concept of the neighborhood, sustainable neighborhood development, the goals and the process of local planning and attempts to examine the implications of these concepts in improving the quality of life of the citizens. The sustainable development on the scale of the neighborhood means “improving the quality of life in the city”, including all the features and components like environmental, cultural, political, administrative, social and economic, without impeding the future generation. The quality of life indicates the general characteristics as social, economic, and environmental of neighborhoods and can be used as a powerful tool for monitoring sustainable neighborhood planning. Therefore, the ultimate goal of sustainable neighborhood development is to enable people to enjoy the quality of life at the neighborhood level.

Key words: Sustainable development, Neighborhood, Sustainable neighborhood development, Local communities, Quality of life

Matters of Communicative Approach in Urban Environment Planning

The realization of community development goals depends on adopting appropriate approaches to economic, social and physical development, as well as an adaptive and effective approach in the development planning process (production and implementation of the developmental projects). At first, with an overall outlook toward the theories in the field of urban planning, the attitudes and the methods of each of them on social issues are depicted. These theories have been considered as a background and an introduction for designing a communication planning theory. In the following, the concept of communicative action has been studied as one of the most important intellectual domains in communication planning theory. The results of this study points out that so far the two “rationalism” and “communication” approaches have been parts of the framework and the development planning process that the rationalism approach has overcome in Iran’s planning system in the mentioned process and the communication approach that has been considered in the world planning literature since the late twentieth century has not been fully utilized. The previous study results indicates that the rationalist approach has suffered from many failures due to being “expertise based” and having “non-cooperative character”; in the current situation, adopting a communication approach is one of the important requirements of the process of urban development planning in the country.

Key words: Planning Theory, Communication Approach, Communication Planning, Urban Planning

Towards a Paradigm Shift

The Question of Global Society in Post-Corona Time:


Whether the COVID-19 has natural or laboratory roots, it has so far posed serious challenges for many of the current human paradigms and the longer it takes, the greater impacts it will have on the today world order. This paradigm shift and a new sight at the post-Corona era, led us to the question of which factors caused the epidemic to spread more or less in different countries of the world and what was the global responses to prevent this epidemic? Following that, what is important, is the consequences of this epidemic, which can be considered in the question of paradigm shift in the post-Corona time.

Keyword: COVID-19, Global Society, Economic Crisis, Paradigm Shift, Post-Corona Time



Abstract. In recent years, by arising such issues as globalization, removing the boundaries, and some other issues as the discourse of localism, on the one hand, and the phenomenon of multiculturalism, on the other hand, “Think Global, Act Local” has found special importance. Many theoreticians are trying to reconcile this concept with new definitions in the current situation, which are mainly based on universal critique. One of the most important of these concepts is the critical regionalist approach to architecture introduced by Alexander Tzonis, Lian Lefebvre, and Kenneth Frampton. In this concept, a middle ground between local and global poles has placed. This polarization between globalization and localism plays a vital role in determining how a building is regionally measured. Thus, from critical regional architecture the processes of “globalization” and “localization” are not only discrete concepts, but also are intertwined concepts. which culminates to a critical regionalist perspective based on the “Think Globally and Act Locally.”

Keywords: Critical Regionalism, Globalization, Local Identity, Modern Architecture, Dialectic, Regional Approach